Arthropods inhabiting flowering non-crop plants and adaptive vegetables planted around paddy fields of freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia




Abstract. Herlinda S, Karenina T, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. Arthropods inhabiting flowering non-crop plants and adaptive vegetables planted around paddy fields of freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 20: 3328-3339. Local farmers in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra traditionally plant adaptive flowering vegetables surrounding paddy fields and let wild flowering plants or non-crop plants grow on the embankment. This research aimed to determine the species of non-crop plants and adaptive vegetables surrounding the freshwater swamp paddy fields as habitats and niches of arthropods. This study used four species of flowering non-crop plants (Zinnia sp., Tagetes erecta, Cosmos caudatus, Sesamum indicum) and four species of vegetables (Vigna unguiculata, Momordica charantia, Cucumis sativus, Luffa acutangula) planted around the paddy fields. While the arthropods were collected using sweep nets. There were 24 species of predatory arthropods, three species of parasitoids, 17 species of herbivores, and nine species of neutral insects found in the non-crop plants and vegetables. The non-crop plant and vegetable species that were the most chosen by the predatory arthropods were Zinnia sp. and M. charantia, respectively. Species of the non-crop plants and vegetables chosen by the parasitoids were T. erecta and M. charantia, respectively. Those non-crop plants and adaptive vegetables were also the most chosen plants by the predatory arthropods for their habitats and niches. Therefore, for the conservation of natural enemies, it is better to use Zinnia sp., T. erecta, and M. charantia.


Barrion A, Litsinger J. 1995. Riceland spiders of South and Southeast Asia. Entomology Division International Rice Research Institute, Philippines.
Desai SD, Swaminathan R, Desai VS. 2017. Effect of habitat manipulation on infestation of paddy leaf folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee). IntJCurrMicrobiolAppSci 6: 1469–1477.
Eggs B, Sanders D. 2013. Herbivory in spiders: The importance of pollen for orb-weavers. PLoS ONE 8 (11): 1–5.
Foti MC, Rostás M, Peri E, Park KC, Slimani T, Wratten SD, Colazza S. 2017. Chemical ecology meets conservation biological control: identifying plant volatiles as predictors of floral resource suitability for an egg parasitoid of stink bugs. J Pest Sci 90 (1): 299–310.
Ganai SA, Ahmad H, Sharma D, Sharma S. 2017. Diversity of arthropod fauna associated with marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) in Jammu. J Entomol Zool Studeis 5: 1940–1943.
Gobade N, Gajabhiye R, Girange R, Siwjanya P, Moon S. 2017. Evaluation of marigold genotypes for growth and flowering paramaters under vidharbha condition. J Soils Crop 27: 132–135.
Hassan K, Pervin M, Mondal F, Mala M. 2016. Habitat management: A key option to enhance natural enemies of crop pest habitat?: key regulator of natural 4: 50–57.
Heinrichs EA. 1994. Biology and management of rice insect. International Rice Research Intitute.
Herlinda S, Yudha S, Thalib R, Khodijah, Suwandi, Lakitan B, Verawaty M. 2018. Species richness and abundance of spiders inhabiting rice in fresh swamps and tidal lowlands in South Sumatra, Indonesia. J ISSAAS 24: 82–93.
Herlinda S, Yusticia SR, Irsan C, Asmara B, Hadi R. 2019. Abundance of arthropods inhabiting canopy of rice cultivated using different planting methods and varieties. j Biopest 12: 7–18.
Jennings DT, Longcore JR, Bird JE. 2017. Spiders (Araneae) inhabit Lepidopteran-feeding shelters on ferns. J. Acad. Entomol.Soc. 13: 5–14.
Johari A, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2016. Phenomenon of Thrips (Thysanoptera) attack on chili plant (Capsicum annuum). Am J Agric Biol Sci 11: 103–109.
Johari A, Herlinda S, Pujiastuti Y, Irsan C, Sartiami D. 2014. Morphological and genetic variation of Thrips parvispinus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in chili plantation (Capsicum annuum L .) in the lowland and highland of Jambi Province, Indonesia. Am J Biosci 2: 17–21.
Kalshoven LG. 1981. The pest of crops in Indonesia. Van Hoeve, Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru.
Karenina T, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. Abundance and species diversity of predatory arthropods inhabiting rice of refuge habitats and synthetic insecticide application in freshwater swamps in South Sumatra , Indonesia. BIODIVERSITAS 20 (8): 2375–2387.
Karindah SRI. 2011. Predation of five generalist predators on brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål). J Entomol Indonesia 8: 55–62.
Lakitan B, Hadi B, Herlinda S, Siaga E, Widuri LI, Kartika K, Lindiana L, Yunindyawati Y, Meihana M. 2018. Recognizing farmers ’ practices and constraints for intensifying rice production at Riparian Wetlands in Indonesia. NJAS - Wageningen J Life Sci 85: 10–20.
Mcalpine JF, Peterson BV, Shewel GE, Teskey HJ, Vockeroth JR, Wood DM. 1987. Manual of neartic Diptera. Agriculture Canada. Research Branch.
McCabe E, Loeb G, Grab H. 2017. Responses of crop pests and natural enemies to wildflower borders depends on functional group. Insects 8: 1–8.
Mulyani A, Sarwani M. 2013. The characteristic and potential of sub optimal land for agricultural development in Indonesia. J Sumberdaya Lahan 7: 47–55. [Indonesian].
Prabawati G, Herlinda S, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. The abundance of canopy arthropods in South Sumatra (Indonesia) freshwater swamp main and ratooned rice applied with bioinsecticides and synthetic insecticide. Biodiversitas 20: 2921–2930.
Razmi M, Karimpour Y, Safaralizadeh MH, Safavi AA. 2011. Parasitoid complex of cabbage large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) in Urmia with new records from Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research 51 (3): 248–251.
Rocha-Filho LC, Rinaldi IMP. 2011. Crab spiders (Araneae: Thomisidae) in flowering plants in a Brazilian “Cerrado” ecosystem. Brazilian journal of biology 71 (2): 359–364.
Saleh A, Siregar AZ. 2017. Impact of natural enemies to leaf eating caterpillar population on oil palm in north Sumatra, Indonesia. Int J Sci Technol Res 6: 189–192.
Settle WH, Ariawan H, Astuti ET, Cahyana W, Hakim AL, Hindayana D, Lestari AS, Pajarningsih. 1996. Managing tropical rice pests through conservation of generalist natural enemies and alternative prey. Ecology 77 (7): 1975–1988.
Shanker C, Chintagunta L, Muthusamy S, Vailla S, Srinivasan A, Katti G. 2018. Flora surrounding rice fields as a source of alternative prey for Coccinellids feeding on the pests of rice. European Journal of Entomology 115: 364-371.
Siaga E, Lakitan B, Hasbi H, Bernas SM, Widuri LI, Kartika K. 2019. Floating seedbed for preparing rice seedlings under unpredictable flooding occurrence at tropical riparian wetland 25: 326–336.
Souza IL, Tomazella VB, Santos AJN, Moraes T, Silveira LCP. 2019. Parasitoids diversity in organic sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) associated with basil (Ocimum basilicum) and marigold (Tagetes erecta) 6984: 1–9.
Stefani V, Pires TL, Torezan-Silingardi HM, Del-Clari K. 2015. Beneficial effects of ants and spiders on the reproductive value of Eriotheca gracilipes (Malvaceae) in a tropical savanna. PLoS ONE 10 (7): 1–12.
Suwandi, Ammar M, Irsan C. 2012. Application of extract compost increased yield and suppressed the diseases of ratoon rice crop in tidal swamp of Banyuasin Regency. J Lahan Suboptimal 1: 116–122. [Indonesian].
Tahir HM, Butt A, Sherawat SM. 2009. Foraging strategies and diet composition of two orb web spiders in rice ecosystems. J Arachnol 37: 357–362.
Velcheva N, Atanassov A, Ilieva Z. 2017. New data of bulgarian parasitoid entomofauna and contributions to host-parasitoid interactions. Bulg J Agric Sci 23: 589–593.
Wahocho SA, Miano TF, Memon NUN, Wahocho NA. 2016. Photoperiodic effect on vegetative growth and flower quality of zinnia (Zinnia elegans Jacq.). Sarhad J Agric 32: 316–324.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>