Cytogenetic study of five species of medicinal plants from Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

PIYAPORN SAENSOUK
NATKAMON SAEN-IN
SURAPON SAENSOUK

Abstract


Abstract. Saensouk S, Saen-in N, Saensouk P. 2022. Cytogenetic study of five species of medicinal plants from Maha Sarakham Province, ThailandBiodiversitas 23: 3593-3603The cytogenetic study of five species of medicinal plants, namely Butomopsis latifolia (D. Don) KunthIris domestica (L.) Goldblatt & Mabb., Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau, Murdannia loriformis (Hassk.) R.S. Rao & Kammathy, and Pontederia hastata L. from Maha Sarakham Province, northeastern Thailand was conducted. This study aimed to investigate the chromosome numbers, fundamental number (NF), karyotype forms, and perform ideogram analysis of the five species. The cytogenetic characteristics, including the chromosome number, karyology (fundamental number (NF), karyotype formula), symmetrical karyotype, chromosome size, relative length (RL), centromeric indexes (CI), and ideograms of B. latifolia (D. Don) Kunthwere studied for the first time. The chromosome numbers of five medicinal plant species were reported as 2n = 14 (B. latifolia (D. Don) Kunth)- 80 (I. domestica (L.) Goldblatt & Mabb.). Moreover, the NF had 28 (B. latifolia (D. Don) Kunth) - 80 (Iris domestica). Two species (M. loriformis(Hassk.) R.S. Rao & Kammathyand P. hastata L.) were recognized as having symmetrical karyotypes. Three species, namely B. latifolia (D. Don) Kunth, Iris domestica, and L. flava(L.) Buchenau were reported as having asymmetrical karyotypes. Chromosomes of large size (L), chromosomes of medium size (M), and chromosomes of small size (S) were observed. Ideograms of five species were provided in this study. The NF, RL, CI, chromosome size, and ideograms of all species were reported for the first time in this study. The karyotype formulae of the five species, except the karyotype formula of P. hastata L.differed from those previously studied. The cytogenetic data of the five species in this study can be used for identification.


##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Banerji I, Haldar S. 1942. A contributionto the morphology and cytology of Monochoria hastaefolia. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Section B, Biological Sciences, Bangalore 91-106.
Banerjee M. 1974. Cytological studies on some members of the family Pontederiacea. Cytologia 39: 483-401.
Bhattacharya GN and Ghosh DK. 1979. Cytotypes of some members of Helobiae. Cytology and Genetics 14: 159–162.
Feitoza LL, Martins MIG, Castro, AAJF, Félix LP, Carvalho R. 2010. Cytogenetics of Alismataceae and Limnocharitaceae: CMA/DAPI banding and 45S rDNA sites. Plant Systematics and Evolution 286(3): 199-208.
Forni-Martins ER, Calligaris KP. 2002. Chromosomal studies on neotropical Limnocharitaceae (Alismatales). Aquatic Botany 74: 33–41.
Harada I. 1943. Die Karyotyp der Gattung Najas. (Japanese; Abstract paper read at the Meeting). The Japanese Journal of Genetics 19: 120–121.
Kundu R. 2005. Biochemical changes associated with heavy metal accumulation in Monochoria hastata (L) Solms. Journal of the Botanical Society of Bengal 59(1&2): 51–54.
Majumdar A. 1953. An investigation on the cytology of Monochoria hastaefolia. Cytologia 5(3): 306–312.
Patwary MU, MM H, MA Z. 1989. Polyploidy in Monochoria hastata Solms, and M. vaginalis Prest. grown in Bangladesh. Cytologia 54(3): 505–511.
Pholhiamhan R, Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2018. Ethnobotany of Phu Thai ethnic group in Nakhon Phanom province, Thailand. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology 15 (10): 679–699. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48048/wjst.2018.3737.
Saensouk S, Saensouk P, Senavongse R. 2019. Karyological study in three Thailand species of Colocasia (Araceae). Cytologia 84: 179-182. DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.84.179.
Saensouk S and Saensouk P. 2020. A karyological study of six commelinaceae species from Thailand. Cytologia 85: 57-62.
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021a. Diversity, traditional uses and conservation status of Zingiberaceae in Udorn Thani Province, Thailand. Biodiversitas, 22(8): 3083–3097.
Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2021b. Karyotype analysis of three species of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) from Thailand. Biodiversitas 22(8): 3458-3466. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220844.
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021c. Diversity and cytological studies on the genus Amomum Roxb. former Elettariopsis Baker (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Biodiversitas 22(6): 3209–3218. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220624.
Senavongse R, Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2018. Comparative karyotype analysis in five strains of Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott (Araceae) in Thailand. Cytologia 83: 169-173. DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.83.169.
Senavongse R, Saensouk S, Saensouk, P. 2020. Karyological study of three native species of the genus Alocasia (Araceae) in the northeast of Thailand. Nucleus 63: 81-85. DOI: 10.1007/s13237-019-00278-z.
Uchiyama H. 1989. Karyomorphological studies on some taxa of the Helobiae. Journal of Science of Hiroshima University 22: 271–352.
Wang Gx, Wang Hq. 1989. IOPB chromosome data 1. International Organization of Plant Biosystematists. Newsletter 13: 21.
Wang H, Shen XH, Guo Y. 2007. Karyotype Analysis and Taxonomic Status of Iris dichotoma. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Agricultural Science), 3.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>