Analysis of nutritional content and heavy metals of suckermouth catfish (Pterygoplichthys pardalis) in Lake Sidenreng, South Sulawesi, Indonesia




Abstract. Hasrianti, Armayani M, Surianti, Putri ARS, Akbar AH. 2022. Analysis of nutritional content and heavy metals of suckermouth catfish (Pterygoplichthys pardalis) in Lake Sidenreng, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23: 3539-3545. Suckermouth catfish (Pterygoplichthys spp.) is one type of freshwater fish that belongs to the category of invasive fish (invasive alien species) in Indonesia based on the regulation of the Indonesian Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Number PER.17/MEN/2009. The presence of suckermouth catfish in Lake Sidenreng with a high population level and increasing over time has resulted in this species dominating the waters. The many impacts caused and the solution has not been found to eradicate the fish, so we need an alternative that can be used to utilize suckermouth catfish, for example, as food to be processed into fishery products. In order to be used as raw material for processed food, a study is needed to determine the nutritional content and heavy metal content in suckermouth catfish. Based on the results of the analysis of the content of crude protein, crude fat and carbohydrate content in the meat of a large (40.3 cm), the content values were 14.52%, 0.49% and 0.21%, while the crude protein, crude fat and fat content were Carbohydrates contained in the meat of suckermouth catfish which are smaller in size (21 cm) are 14.58%, 0.52% and 0.09%. Heavy metals Pb, As, Cd and Hg contained in the meat and scales of suckermouth catfish are also below the metal contamination threshold required based on SNI 2729:2013 so that the fish can be categorized as fish fit for consumption and can be processed into various fishery products with economic value.


Amir, N., Syahrul, S., & Djamaluddin, N., 2020. Suckermouth Catfish (Pterygoplichthys pardalis) In Wajo Regency, South Sulawesi Province: The Heavy Metal Content of Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg) and Arsenic (As). Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan 13(2): 168-174.
Andy Omar, S., Parore, R., Rahim, S. W., Parawansa, B. S., & Umar, M. T. (2020). Ichthyofauna of Lake Buaya, South Sulawesi. Habitus Aquatica, 1(2), 21.
Badal D, Mihir D. 2015. Fat content of an Indian Major Carp, Catla catla, in relation to age and size for optimizing harvesting period. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies pp.2(6): 386-390.
Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 2013. SNI 2729 SNI Ikan Segar.
Boyd CE. Water quality in ponds for aquaculture Birmingham: Birmingham Publishing Co, 1990.
Cagauan, A.G. Exotic aquatic species introduction in the Philippines for aquaculture—A threat to biodiversity or a boom to the economy? J. Environ. Sci. Manage. 2007, 10, 48–62.
CEC (Commission for Environmental Cooperation). Trinational Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species: Test Cases for the Snakeheads (Channidae) and Armored Catfishes (Loricariidae) in North American Inland Waters; CEC Publications: Montreal, Canada, 2009.
Diana, Rinidar,danT.R. Armansyah. 2017. Cemaran Logam Berat Timbal (Pb) Pada Insang Ikan Cendro (Tylosurus crocodilus) Di PesisirKrueng Raya Kabupaten Aceh Besar. JIMVET01(3): 258-264
Effendi H. Review of water quality for resource management and the aquatic environment. Kanisius. Yogyakarta, 2003.
Elfidasari D, Shabira AP, Sugoro I, Ismi LN. 2019. The nutrient content of Plecostomus (Pterygoplichthys pardalis) flesh from Ciliwung River Jakarta, Indonesia. Nusantara Bioscience 11: 30-34.
Elfidasari D, Wijayanti F, Muthmainah HF. 2020. Habitat characteristic of Suckermouth armored catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis in Ciliwung River, Indonesia. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 8(3): 141-147
Elfidasari D., F.D. Qoyyimah., M.R. Fahmi & R.L. Puspitasari. 2016. Variasi ikan sapu-sapu (Loricariidae) berdasarkan karakter morfologi di perairan ciliwung. Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia. Vol 3 (4): 221-225.
Fishbase, 2021. Scientific Names where Genus Contains Pterygoplichthys. [online] Available :
Fuller PL, Nico LG, Williams JD. Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States. American Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. 1999; 27(1):622-630.
Hasnidar, Tamsil A, Akram AM, Hidayat T. 2021. Analisis kimia ikan sapu-sapu (Pterygoplichthys pardalis Castelnau 1855) dari danau Tempe Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. JPJHI. 24 (1) : 78-88
Hossain M., Vadas R., Ruiz-Carus R., Galib S.M. 2018. Amazon sailfin catfish Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Loricariidae) in Bangladesh: a critical review of its invasive threat to native and endemic aquatic species. Fishes 3: 14.
Ismi, L. N., D. Elfidasari, R. L. Puspitasari, dan I. Sugoro. 2019. Kandungan 10 Jenis Logam Berat pada Daging Ikan Sapu-Sapu (Pterygoplichthys pardalis) Asal Sungai Ciliwung Wilayah Jakarta. Jurnal AL-AZHAR INDONESIA SERI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI5(2): 56-59
Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 51 Tahun 2004. Tentang baku mutu air laut. Jakarta.10 hlm.
Murray J, Burt JR. 2001. The Composition of Fish. FAO, Rome, Italy, in partnership with the support unit for International Fisheries and Aquatic Research.
Nico L, Butt P, Johnston G, Jelks H, Kail M, Walsh S. Discovery of south American suckermouth armored catfish (Loricariidae, Pterygoplichthys spp.) in the Santa Fe River drainage, Suwannee Riser Basin, USA. Bioinvasions Records. 2012; 1(3):179-200.
Paul BN, Chanda S, Bhowmick S, Sridhar N and Giri SS, 2018. Nutrient profile of five freshwater fish species. SAARC J Agri, 16 (2): 25-41, doi: 10.3329/sja.v16i2.40256
Putri, W.A.E., A.I.S. Purwiyanto, Fauziyah, F. Agustriani, dan Y. Suteja. 2019. Kondisi Nitrat, Nitrit, Amonia, Fosfat, dan BOD di Muara Sungai Banyuasin, Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis. 11(1): 65-74
Salmin. Disolved Oxigen (DO) and Biological Oxigen Demand (BOD) as one indicator of water quality. Jurnal Oseana. 2005; 30:21-26.
Steffens, W., 2006. Freshwater fish – wholesome foodstuffs. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 12: 320-328
Wahyudewantoro, G. 2018. Sapu-Sapu (Pterygoplichthys Spp.), Ikan Pembersih Kaca Yang Bersifat Invasif Di Indonesia. Warta Iktiologi Vol 2(2).