Diversity and genetic parameter of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) based on yield component in three location




Abstract. Sayekti TWDA, Syukur M, Hidayat SH, Maharijaya A. 2021. Diversity and genetic parameter of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) based on yield component in three locations. Biodiversitas 22: 823-829. With the increase in the use of chili, it is necessary to develop these commodities through plant breeding activities. Phenotypes are not only determined by genetics, but also by environmental factors and the GxE interactions, so all the factors need to be considered. The aims of this study were to evaluate the variability of ten elite breeding lines and three commercial varieties of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) across three different environments. This experiment was conducted in three environments namely Bogor, Kolaka, and Palembang, from January until July 2019. Thirteen genotypes consisting of ten elite lines and three commercial chili pepper were used. This experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications for each environment. To determine the effect of environment, Combined Analysis of Variance was carried out for all environments using PBSTAT-GE. The environment used in this experiment was lowland that varies between each other. The genotype with the fastest harvesting age relative in three environments was F7-145293-19-8-3-113-1. The highest number of fruits per plant was observed in genotype F9-160291-9-4-3-2-1-1-1 with 261 fruits per plant. The highest yield was observed in genotype F7-145174-9-7-1-5-3. From the clustering analysis, this population was grouped into five clusters. The heritability values for the 12 observed traits ranged between 22.68-69.97%, classified into high and moderate criteria.


Cabral NSS, Medeitos AM, Neves LG, Sudre CP, Pimenta S, Coelho VJ, Serafim ME, Rodrigues R. 2017. Genotype x environment interaction on experimental hybrids of chili pepper. Genet. Mol. Res. 16: 1-9.
Ganefianti, D. W., D. Suryati, Hasannudin. 2009. Stability analysis of six chilli pepper populations using additive main effect multiplicative interaction (AMMI) Agrosia 12(2):147-154
Hu X, Yan S, Shen K. 2013. Heterogeneity of error variance and influence on genotype comparison in multi-location traits. Field Crops Research 149:322-328.
IPGRI, AVRDC, CATIE. 1995. Descriptors for Capsicum (Capsicum spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy; the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taipei, Taiwan, and the Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza, Turrialba, Costa Rica
Kandel M, Ghimire SK, Ojha BR, Shrestha J. 2017. Analysis of genetic diversity among the maize inbred lines (Zea mays L.) under heat stress condition. Journal of Maize Research and Development. 3(1): 86-97.
Madu EA, Uguru MI. 2006. Inter-relation of growth and disease espression in pepper using principal component analysis (PCA). African Journalof Biotechnology. 5(11):1054-1057.
Mahapatra AS, Singh AK, Vani VM, Mishra R, Kumar H, Rajkumar BV. 2013. Inter-relationship for various components and path coefficient analysis in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Intl J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 2 (9): 147-152.
McIntosh MS. 1983. Analysis of combined experiments. Agronomy Journal 75: 153-155.
Meitei KM, Bora GC, Singh SJ, Sinha AK. 2014. Morphology based genetic variability analysis and identification of important characters for tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) crop improvement. Amer-Eur J Agric Environ Sci 14 (10): 1105-1111.
Nsabiyera V, Logose M, Ochwo-Ssemakula M, Sseruwagi P, Gibson P, Ojiewo C. 2012. Morphological characterization of local and exotic hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) collectios in Uganda. Bioremediation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability 7(1):22-32.
Pimenta S, Menezes D, Neder DG, Melo RA, et al. (2016). Adaptability and stability of pepper hybrids under conventional and organic production systems. Hortic. Bras. 34: 168-174.
Ritonga AW, Chozin MA, Syukur M, Maharijaya A. 2018. Short communication: genetic variability, heritability, correlation, and path analysis in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) under shading condition. Biodiversitas 19(4): 1527-1531.
Roy D. 2000. Plant Breeding, Analysis and Exploitation of Variation. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
Sharma VK, Senwal CS, Uniyal SP. 2010. Genetic variability and character association analysis in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal od Horticulture and Forestry 2(3): 58-65.
Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Yunianti S. 2015. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya. Bogor.
Syukur M, Sujiprihati, S, Yunianti R, Kusumah DA. 2010. Yield Evaluation of Pepper Hybrids and Their Adaptation at Four Locations in Two Years. J. Agron. Indonesia 38(1):43-51.
Thul ST, Lal RK, Shasany AK, Darokar MP, Gupta AK, Gupta MM, Verma RK, Kahja SPS. 2009. Estimation of phenotypic divergence in a collection of Capsicum spesies for yield-related traits. Euphytica 168: 189-196.
Votava Baral JB, Bosland PW. 2005. Genetic diversity of chile (Capsicum annuum var annuum L.) landraces from Northern New Mexico, Coloradi, and Mexico. Economic Botany 59(1): 8-17.
Wattimena GA, Nurhajati AM, Wiendi NM, Purwito A, Efendi D, Purwoko BS, Khumaida N. 2011. Bioteknologi dalam Pemuliaan Tanaman. Pendahuluan. IPB Press. Bogor.
Whirter KS. 1979. Breeding of Cross-pollinated Crops. In: Knight. R. (Ed). A. Course Manual in Plant Breeding. Ausralian Vide-Chancellor’s Commitee. Brisbanen.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>