Freshwater fish diversity in three tributary streams in Serayu Basin, Central Java, Indonesia




Abstract. Suryaningsih S, Bhagawati D, Sukmaningrum S, Sugiharto, Puspitasari IGAAR. 2020. Freshwater fish diversity in three tributary streams in Serayu Basin, Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 21: 5811-5817. Determining the diversity of freshwater fish species in Central Java, Indonesia has been confounded by temporal and spatial limitations in past studies. The Serayu Basin is a large watershed in Central Java that is believed to have high freshwater fish diversity. We aimed to determine the diversity and community structure of freshwater fish species in three tributaries of the Serayu, elucidate the factors influencing this diversity, and determine the extent to which these tributaries contribute to the total freshwater fish species richness for southwest Central Java. We conducted gill net sampling from May to August 2018 on the Tulis, Mrawu, and Kali Sapi Rivers located at Banjanegara district Sampling followed a random group technique in upstream, midstream, and downstream river sections of each tributary. In total, we observed 21 freshwater fish species. Broadly, fish species diversity was relatively low in the study area, and water temperature and dissolved oxygen were important in maintaining fish diversity. These three tributaries house 27–46% of the freshwater fish species reported for southern Central Java.



Amour BA, Bosclair D, Dray S, Legender P. 2011. Relationships between species feeding traits and environmental conditions in ?sh communities: a three-matrix approach. Ecological Applications 21(2): 363–377
Basavaraja D, Narayana J, Kiran BR, Puttaiah ET. 2014. Fish diversity and abundance in relation to water quality of Anjanapura reservoir, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 3(3): 747–757
Beesley LS, Prince J. 2010. Fish community structure in an intermittent river: the importance of environmental stability, landscape factors and within-pool habitat descriptors. Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 605–614
Costa MR, Mattos TM, Borges JL, Araujo FG. 2013. Habitat preferences of common native fishes in a tropical river in Southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology 11(4): 871–880
Das KM, Naskar M, Mondal ML, Srivastava PK, Dey S, Rej, A. 2012. Influence of ecological factors on the patterns of fish species richness in tropical Indian rivers. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 42 (1): 47–58
Essien-Ibok MA, Isemin NL. Fish species diversity, abundance and distribution in the major water bodies in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Biodiversity International Journal 4(1): 42?48. DOI: 10.15406/bij.2020.04.00163
Guo Q, Liu X, Ao X, Qin J, Wu X, Ouyang S. 2018. Fish diversity in the middle and lower reaches of the Ganjiang River of China: Threats and conservation. PLoS ONE 13(11): e0205116.
Hu M, Wang C, Liu Y, Jia S. 2019. Fish species composition, distribution and community structure in the lower reaches of Ganjiang River, Jiangxi, China. Scientific Reports 9: 10100
Hasyimah NR, Syakira MH, Mohd Syahril MZ, Samat A, Iwana I. 2013. Water Quality, Diversity And Distribution Of Freshwater Fishes In , Negeri Sembilan. Journal of Academia 3: 10–19
Huang J, Huang L, Yuanin M, Naicheng W. 2019. Correlation of Fish Assemblages with Habitat and Environmental Variables in a Headwater Stream Section of Lijiang River, China. Sustainability 11: 1135. DOI: 10.3390/su.11041135
Jenkins AP, Jupiter SD. 2011. Spatial and seasonal patterns in freshwater ichthyofaunal communities of a tropical high island in Fiji. Environmental Biology of Fishes 91: 261–274
Keller K, Allsop Q, Brim-Box J, Buckle D, Crook DA, Douglas MM, Kennard MJ, Luiz OJ, Pusey BJ, Townsend SA, King AJ. 2019. Dry season habitat use of Fishes in an Australian tropical river. Scientific Reports 9: 5677.
Konan KF, Edia OE, Bony KY, Kouamé KM, Gourène G. 2015. Fish diversity and assemblages according to distance from source along a coastal river gradient (Ehania River; south-east of Ivory Coast). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 14(1): 112–129
Kottelat M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia : A catalogue and core bibliography of The fishes known to occur in freshwaters, Mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin Of Zoology (27): 1–663
Lakra WS, Kumar RS, Kumar V, Kumar DU, Pandey Sa, Gusain OP. 2010. Fish diversity, habitat ecology and their conservation and management issues of a tropical River in Ganga basin, India. Environmentalist. DOI 10.1007/s10669-010-9277-6
Lecaudey LA, Hann C, Schlettere M, Weiss SJ. 2019. Fish diversity assessment in the headwaters of the Volga River using environmental DNA metabarcoding. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29: 1785–1800
Lestari W, Zayyana DA, Setyaningrum N, Amelia T. 2018. The Guild Composition for Modelling Fish Community in Banjaran River, Purwokerto. Biosaintifika 10(3): 698–705
Lo M, Reed J, Castello J, Steel EA, Frimpong EA, Ickowitz A. 2020. The Influence of Forests on Freshwater Fish in the Tropics: A Systematic Review. BioScience 70(5)
Mondal R, Bhat A. 2020. Temporal and Environmental drivers of fish-community structure in tropical streams from two contrasting regions in India. PLoS ONE 15(4): e0227354. 10.1371/journal.pone.02273541111111111a1111111111
Nsor CA, Obodai EA. 2016. Environmental Determinants Influencing Fish Community Structure and Diversity in Two Distinct Seasons among Wetlands of Northern Region (Ghana). International Journal of Ecology 2016: 1598701.
Nuryanto A, Bhagawati D, Abulias MN, Indarmawan. 2012. Fish diversity at Cileumeuh River in District of Majenang, Cilacap Regency, Central Java. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia 12(2): 147–53
Nuryanto A, Bhagawati D, Abulias N, Indarmawan. 2016. Ichtyofauna at Cijalu river, Cilacap regency Central Java province, Indonesia. BIOTROPIA 23(1): 1–9
Ohee HL. 2016. Freshwater fish diversity in an oil palm cosession area in Mimika, Papua. Biodiversitas 17(2): 665–672. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d170240
Pander J, Geist J. 2018. The Contribution of Different Restored Habitats to Fish Diversity and Population Development in a Highly Modi?ed River: A Case Study from the River Günz. Water 10: 1202. DOI: 10.3390/w 10091202
Paujiah E, Solihin DD, Affand R. 2019. Community structure of fish and environmental Characteristics in Cisadea river, West Java, Indonesia. Jurnal Biodjati 4(2): 278–290
Petsut N, Kulabtong S, Petsut J. 2017. Species diversity and distribution of fishes in Pranburi river, Phetchaburi province and Prachuap Khirikhan province. International Journal of Agricultural Technology 13(5): 671–682
Rashid ZA, Asmuni M, Amal MNA. 2015. Fish diversity of Tembeling and Pahang rivers, Pahang Malaysia. The Journal of biodiversity Data 11(5): 1753
Ridho MR, Patriono E, Sholikah M. 2019. Food habits of three species of mudskippers in the Musi River Estuary,South Sumatra, Indonesia . Biodiversitas Vol.20 No.8 pp 2368-2374, DOI : 10.13057/biodiv/d200835
Roesma DI, Tjong DH, Karlina W, Aidil DT. 2019. Taxonomy confirmation of Puntius cf. binotatus from Gunung Tujuh Lake, Jambi, Indonesia based on Cytochrome Oxidase-I (COI) gene. Biodiversitas 20(1): 54–60. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d200107
Roesma DI, Tjong DH, Munir W, Agesi AV, Ada C. 2017. Genetic diversity of Tor douronensis (Pisces: Cyprinidae) in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 18(3): 1018–1025
Stegmann LF, Leitão RP, Zuanon J, Magnusson WE. 2019. Distance to large rivers affects fish diversity patterns in highly dynamic streams of Central Amazonia. PLoS ONE 14(10): e0223880.
Suryaningsih S, Sukmaningrum S, Simanjuntak SBI, Kusbiyanto. 2018. Diversity and longitudinal distribution of freshwater fish in Klawing River, Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 19(1): 85–92. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d190114
Yagci A, Yagci M, Bilgin F, Erbatur I. 2016. The effects of physicochemical parameters on fish distribution in Egirdir Lake, Turkey. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 15(2): 846–857

Most read articles by the same author(s)