Spatial model of forest area designation and function based on multi-criteria in dry land and mangrove forest ecosystems, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia




Abstract. Akhbar, Naharuddin, Arianingsih I, Misrah, Akhbar RK. 2022. Spatial model of forest area designation and function based on multi-criteria in dry land and mangrove forest ecosystems, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23: 3620-3630. Along with the dynamics of rapid social change and the need for land for economic development, land and climate parameters on changes in the designation and function of forest areas, it is time to integrate with socio-economic parameters and government policies while still paying attention to the condition of existing forest vegetation cover. This study aimed to develop a spatial analysis model of changes in the designation and function of forest areas based on multi-criteria in dry land and mangrove forest ecosystems. The research used a descriptive-spatial method with a multi-criteria-based decision-making technique for changes in the designation and function of forest areas. The data analysis utilizes Geographic Information System. The motivation for the proposed forest area change is the target to be achieved in the multi-criteria decision analysis. This research resulted in a spatial analysis approach that integrates scoring techniques and multi-criteria-based decision-making techniques. In Locus BL_010, a change in the function of forest area can be generated, while in Locus TL_003 a decision is made to change the allocation and function of forest area. The achievement of multi-criteria-based spatial analysis on changes in the designation and function of forest areas is quite flexible in decision making because each proposed motivational target will be achieved if it is in accordance with the established criteria and field facts.


Akhbar, Arianingsih, I., Misrah, Akhbar, R.K.. 2021. Pemodelan Sistem Berbasis Multi-kriteria Pada Analisis Perubahan Peruntukan dan Fungsi Kawasan Hutan (Multi-criteria-Based Modeling System on the Analysis of Changes in Forest Area Designation and Function). Laporan Penelitian. Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Tadulako. Palu. [Indonesian]
Andreis, F. 2020. A Theoretical Approach to the Effective Decision-Making Process. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 287-304. DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2020.106022
Aronoff, S. 1989. Geographic Information System A Management Perspective. WDL Publication, Ottawa-Canada
Balram, S. and Dragicevic, S. 2006. Collaborative Geographic Information Systems. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.
Burrough, P. 1986. Principle of Geographical Information System for Land Resources Assesment, Oxford, Claredon Press.
Bouzon, M., Govindan, K., Rodriguez, G.M.T. and Campos, L.M.S. 2016. Identification and Analysis Of Reverse Logistics Barriers Using Fuzzy Delphi Method and AHP. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 108: 182–197. resconrec.2015.05.021
Chen, K., Blong, R., and Jacobson, C.. 2001. MCE-RISK: Integrating Multicriteria Evaluation And CIS For Risk Decision-Making In Natural Hazards. Environmental Modelling and Software 16: 387–397
Climaco, J. 1997. Multicriteria Analysis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany
Drobne, S. and Lisec,.A. 2009. Multi-attribute Decision Analysis in GIS: Weighted Linear Combination and Ordered Weighted Averaging, Informatica 33: 459–474.
Eastman, J.R., Kwaku Kyem, P.A., Toledano, J. Jin, W. 1993. GIS and Decision Making Volume 4, Explorations in Geographic Information System Technology, UNITAR, Geneva
Eddy, S., Rasyid Ridho, M., Iskandar, I., Mulyana, A. 2016. Community-Based Mangrove Forests Conservation For Sustainable Fisheries. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 7: S42-S47.
Fataei, E., Aalipour erdi, M., Farhadi, H., Mohammadian, A.. 2015. Industrial State Site Selection Using MCDM Method and GIS in Germi, Ardabil, Iran. Journal of Industrial and Intelligent Information 3: 324-329
Govindan, K., Kaliyan, M., Kannan, D., Haq, A.N. 2014. Barriers Analysis For Green Supply Chain Management Implementation In Indian Industries Using Analytic Hierarchy Process. International Journal of Production Economics, 147: 555–568
Greene, R., Devillers, R., Luther, J.E., Eddy, B.G. 2011. GIS-Based Multiple-Criteria Decision Analysis. Geography Compass 5: 412–432
Malczewski, J. 1999. GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis. John Wiley and Sons. Toronto
Malczewski, J., Rinner, C. 2015. Multicriteria Decision Analysis in Geographic Information Science. Springer Science + Business Media: Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Manna, P. Basile, A. Bonfante, A., De Mascellis, R. Terribile, F. 2009. Comparative Land Evaluation Approaches: An Itinerary From FAO Framework To Simulation Modeling. Geoderma, 150:367–378.
Mangla, S. K., Madaan, J. Chan, F.T.S. 2012. Analysis of performance focused variables for multi-objective flexible decision modeling approach of product recovery systems, Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. 13: 77–86. DOI:10.1007/s40171-012-0007-4
Milutinovi, G., Seipel, S. Ahonen-Jonnarth, U. 2021. Geospatial Decision-Making Framework Based on the Concept of Satisficing. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 326.
Negulescu, O Doval, E. 2014. The Quality Of Decision Making Process Related To Organizations’ Effectiveness. Procedia Economics and Finance 15: 858 – 863.
Pilvere, I., Nipers, A. Upite, I. 2014. Agricultural land utilization efficiency: the case of Latvia. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 5: 65–71
Rikalovi?, A., ?osi?, D., Popov, S., Lazarevi?, D. 2013. Spatial Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis For Industrial Site Selection: The state of the art, XI Balkan Conference on Operational Research-Balcor, Belgrade.
Rikalovic, A., Cosic, I., Lazarevic. D. 2014. GIS Based Multi-Criteria Analysis for Industrial Site Selection. 24th DAAAM International Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation, 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Procedia Engineering 69: 1054-1063.
Saaty, T.L. 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw-Hill, New York
Shapira, A., Goldenberg, M. 2005. AHP-Based Equipment Selection Model For Construction Projects, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 131: 1263–1273
PPFKH Integrated Research Team, 2019. Matriks Kriteria Penilaian dan Proposed Location Perubahan Peruntukan dan Fungsi Kawasan Hutan Dalam Rangka Review Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. (Matrix of Assessment Criteria and Locus of Changes in Designation and Functions of Forest Areas in the Framework of Reviewing the Regional Spatial Plan of Central Sulawesi Province). Jakarta
Tratnik, M., Franic, R., Svrznjak, K., Basic, F. 2009. Land rents As A Criterion For Regionalization—The Case Of Wheat Growing In Croatia. Land Use Policy. 26: 104-111
Utomo, A.H., Arifianto, A.S.. 2019. Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making To Classify Land Capability And Suitability. Proceedings of The Second International on Food and Agriculture. 2: 29-36.
Waris, M., Panigrahi, S., Mengal. A., Soomro, M.I., Mirjat, N.H., Ullah, M., Azlan, Z.S., Khan . A. 2019. An Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Sustainable Procurement of Construction Equipment: Multicriteria-Based Decision Framework for Malaysia. Hindawi. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Vol. 2019, Article ID 6391431, 20 pages.
Widiatmaka, Ambarwulan, W., Setiawan, Y., Walter, C. 2016. Assessing the Suitability and Availability of Land for Agriculture in Tuban Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Applied and Environmental Soil Science. Vol. 2016, Article ID 7302148, 13 pages.
Widiatmaka, Ambarwulan, W., Sudarsono. 2016. Spatial Multi-Criteria Decision Making For Delineating Agricultural Land In Jakarta Metropolitan Area’s Hinterland: Case Study Of Bogor Regency, West Java. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science. Vol: 105-115.
Widiatmaka, Sutandi, A., Iswandi, A. Daras, U., Hikmat, M., and Krisnohadi, A. 2014. Establishing Land Suitability Criteria For Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) In Indonesia. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Applied and Environmental Soil Science, Vol. 2014, Article ID 743194, 14 pages.
Zhang, Y,J,, Li, A.J. and Fung, T. 2012. Using GIS and Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Conflict Resolution in Land Use Planning. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13: 2264 – 2273.