Morphoanatomy of three Indigofera species (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in Java, Indonesia
Abstract. Fugarasti H, Muzzazinah, Ramli M. 2020. Morphoanatomy of three Indigofera species (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in Java Indonesia. Biodiversitas 21: 5531-5538. This study aimed to explore the morphological and detailed anatomical features of the stems, leaves, and roots from three Indonesian Indigofera species. Morphological-anatomical studies of three Indonesian Indigofera species were carried out using embedded microscopic preparations. The anatomical characters of the specimens were observed using a compound optical microscope with magnification 40x, 100x, and 400x. The observation showed the anatomical cross-section of I. tinctoria stem was rectangular, I. suffruticosa was hexagonal, and I. arrecta was rounded. The tissue structures of Indigofera species, from the outside layer, were the epidermis, thin cortex, secondary phloem (narrow or wide), thick secondary xylem, and conspicuous pith in the middle. Whilst, the corner of I. suffruticosa stem contained thick collenchyma. The vascular bundles were the open collateral. The leaves of Indigofera species are made up of the upper epidermis, mesophyll (palisade parenchyma, spongy parenchyma), and the lower epidermis. The vascular bundles were located in the middle, with five or six segments of the xylem elements and small groups of phloem elements, all in the parallel lines. The primary stele type of the roots is actinostele, cambium activity pushed him aside. The vascular bundle of the roots consisted of a dense and tight secondary xylem composed of thick-walled circular vessels (mostly tightly arranged). Data about the morphoanatomy structure of three Indonesian Indigofera species could complement the novelty of the morpho-anatomy information records obtained by previous researchers.
Ghosh, B., Mallick, T., Ghosh, A., Datta, A. K., & Pramanik, A. (2016). Taxonomical, Anatomical, Cytological and Palynological Assessment Of A Germplasm Of Indigofera Tinctoria L. (Fabaceae): An Ayurvedic Plant. Int. J. Res. Ayurveda Pharm, 7 (Suppl 4), 90–95. https://doi.org/10.7897/2277-4343.075227
Johansen, D. A. (1940). Plant-Microtechnique (First). New York and London: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
Kirkbrid, Gunn, Weitzman, & Dallwitz. (2000). Legumne (Fabaceae) Fruits and Seeds: Interactive Identification and and Information Retrieval. Book Review. American Society of Plant Taxonomists, 25 (4), 751.
Kort, I. De, & Thijsse, G. (1984). A Revision of the Genus Indigofera (Leguminosae-PaPilionoideae) In Southeast Asia, 30, 89–151.
Lewis, G., Schrire, B., Mackinder, B., & Lock, M. (2005). Legumes of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, (28), 1–8.
Lievens, A. W. (1992). Taxonomic Treatment of Indigofera L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in the New World. LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses, 5395.
Marquiafável, F. S., Ferreira, M. D. S., & de Pádua Teixeira, S. (2009). Novel reports of glands in Neotropical species of Indigofera L. (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae). Flora: Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 204 (3), 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2008.01.012
Mbagwu, F. N., & Edeoga, H. o. (2006). Leaf Anatomy of Some Nigerian Species of Vigna Savi (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae). Agricultural Journal, 5–6.
Mourao, K. S. M., & Beltrati, C. M. (2000). Morphology And Anatomy of Developing Fruits and Seeds of Mammea americana L. (Clusiaceae). Rev. Brasil. Biol., 60 (4), 701–711.
Mourao, K. S. M., & Beltrati, C. M. (2001). Morphology and Anatomy of Developing Fruits and Seeds of Vismia guianensis (Aubl.) Choisy (Clusiaceae). Rev. Brasil. Biol, 61 (1), 147–158.
Muzzazinah, Chikmawati, T., & Ariyanti, N. S. (2016). Correlation of Morphological Characteristics with the Presence of Indicant in Indigofera sp. Dyestuff. Sains Malaysiana, 45 (6), 883–890.
Muzzazinah, Chikmawati, T., Ariyanti, N. S., Ramli, M., & Nurmiyati. (2018). Morphological Characterization of Dye Producing Tom Java (Indigofera tinctoria, L.) In Three Islands of Indonesia. Malays. Appl. Biol, 47, 91–99.
Muzzazinah, Chikmawati, T., Rifai, M. A., & Ariyanti, N. S. (2019). Genetic Diversity of the Dye-Producing Javanese Tom Indigofera Tinctoria L. From Three Indonesian Islands Based On Simple Sequence Repeatmarkers. Pak. J. Bot., 51 (3), 903–908. https://doi.org/10.30848/PJB2019
Nwachukwu, C., Edeoga, H., & Kemka-Evans, C. (2017). Stem anatomical studies of some species of Indigofera. International Research Journal of Plant and Crop Sciences, 3 (1), 24–25.
Nwachukwu, & Mbagwu, F. N. (2006). Anatomical Studies on the Petiole of Some Species of Indigofera. Agricultural Journal, 1 (2), 55–58.
Nwachukwu, & Mbagwu, F. N. (2007). 154Leaf Anatomy of Eight Species of Indigofera L. Agricultural Journal, 2 (1), 149–154.
Paulino, J. V., Groppo, M., & Teixeira, S. de P. (2011). Floral developmental morphology of three Indigofera species (Leguminosae) and its systematic significance within Papilionoideae. Plant Syst Evol, 292, 165–176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-010-0405-z
Rzedowski, J., & Grether, R. (2018). Two new species of the genus Indigofera (Papilionoideae, Leguminosae) from central Mexico, 372 (4), 256–262.
Schrire, B. D., Lavin, M., Barker, N. P., & Forest, F. (2009). Phylogeny of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae): Geographically structured more in succulent-rich and temperate settings than in grass-rich environments. American Journal of Botany, 96 (4), 816–852. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.0800185
Shethi, K. J., Rashid, P., Begum, M., & Rahman, M. O. (2019). Morphoanatomical Profile of Five Species of Piper L. From Bangladesh and Its Taxonomic Significance. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon, 26 (1), 57–68.
Simpson, M. G. (2006). Plant Systematics. Academic Press.
Tamilselvi, N., Dhamotharan, R., Krishnamoorthy, P., & Shivakumar. (2011). Anatomical studies of Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl (Fabaceae). Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 3 (2), 738–746.
Teixeira, S. de P., & Correa, V. M. A. (2007). Morfo-Anatomia Do Envoltorio Seminal De Especies Brasileiras De Indigofera L (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae). Rodriguésia, 58 (2), 265–273.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- MUZZAZINAH, SURATMAN, NURMIYATI, SRI RETNO DWI ARIANI, Morphological and anatomical characters variation of Indigofera accessions from Java, Indonesia , Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity: Vol. 22 No. 4 (2021)
- SURATMAN SURATMAN, SURANTO SURANTO, MUZZAZINAH MUZZAZINAH, PURNOMO PURNOMO, Leaf anatomical characters variation of Strobilanthes s.l. from Sumatra, Indonesia and its taxonomic implications , Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity: Vol. 23 No. 7 (2022)
- SURATMAN SURATMAN, SURANTO SURANTO, MUZZAZINAH MUZZAZINAH, PURNOMO PURNOMO, Pollen morphological characters variation among species of Strobilanthes s.l. from Sumatra, Indonesia and its taxonomic implications , Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity: Vol. 23 No. 9 (2022)